On 10 February 2011 the Government of the Republic of Croatia adopted a regulation formally designating the flow of the Mura River as a regional park, first of the kind in the Republic of Croatia.
In 2012 the Park became one of about 600 biosphere reserves declared by UNESCO around the world, which best illustrates its uniqueness and the need for thepreservation of its biodiversity.

 

 

The highest Mura River water level ever recorded was 536 cm measured at high noon on 15 September 2014, breaking the Mursko Središće August 2005 record of 506 cm.     

Mura floods

 

The Mura River rises in the Hohe Tauern national park in Austria at 1,898 m above sea level. It is the northernmost river in Croatia forming a natural border of Međimurje with Slovenia and Hungary.
It is the largest left tributary of the Drava River into which it flows near Legrad in Podravina. Its total length is 492 km, running through the Southern Austria and Slovenian Prekmurje region. At parts it forms borders between Austria and Slovenia, Slovenia and Croatia and Hungary and Croatia. In a 78-km part between Hungary and Croatia it flows through remnants of a large ancient oak forest and moors forming the northernmost protected natural landscape of Croatia. It is navigable for smaller boats from Graz to Legrad.
The Mura River seldom changed its course in the past but nonetheless left dead distributaries and dry riverbeds on both its banks. Since there are no reservoirs built along the river, its flow has remained natural preserving forests from drying even when groundwater levels decrease.
In the 20th century there were many river-powered mills along the Mura River. They represent a sort of an invention since records thereof date as far back as the fourth century BCE. Few are still operating today, among them the Babič Mill near Veržej, Slovenia and the reconstruction of an original mill at Žabnik, Croatia.

The Mura River

 

 

 

EU civil protection

 A Humanitarian Office, set up in 1992, turned into a Directorate General (DG) for Humanitarian Aid, in 2004, before integrating Civil Protection (DG ECHO), in 2010. DG ECHO currently administers international cooperation, humanitarian aid and crisis response within and outside Europe (http://ec.europa.eu/echo/about/presentation_en.htm).

The Union Civil Protection Mechanism, or UCPM, was created to support member-states in their efforts to prevent, prepare for and respond to natural or man-made disasters either within or outside of the EU. It aims at strengthening the cooperation on and coordination of civil protection actions on an EU and member-state level (http://ec.europa.eu/echo/policies/disaster_response/mechanism_en.htm). 

The Civil Protection Mechanism was first established by the Council Decision 2001/792/EC, in order to facilitate reinforced cooperation in civil protection assistance interventions. This was recast by Council Decision 2007/779/EC which established an EU Civil Protection Mechanism. The "Financial Instrument"   of the Mechanism was ensured by the Council Decision 2007/162/EC. Funds are disposed towards, first, improving the effectiveness of the response in case of major disasters and, second, enhancing prevention and preparedness in emergency situations.

After 10 years of implementation, increasing activations and a successful string of and emergency responses within and outside the EU, a necessity for better cooperation and levels of protection in domestic, European and international levels emerged.

From January 1st 2014, a new, improved Union Civil Protection Mechanism is in force. The Article 196 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union constitutes the primary legal basis for the Union Mechanism.

The most important features of the Union Mechanism:

1.The Emergency Response Coordination Center (previously Monitoring and Information Center – MIC)

2.The Common Emergency and Information System (CECIS)

3.The “Modules”

4.The Training and Exercise Program

(About the EU Legislation, see more: Additional/EU Legislation)

 

 

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